Wednesday, December 25, 2013
Sunday, December 22, 2013
|C.M. Condon Bank in the 1800's|
|C.M. Condon Bank Today|
On October 5, 1892 five members of the Dalton Gang rode into Coffeyville Kansas. The Daltons had been outlaws for about two years and had primarily been robbing trains prior this day. The law was turning up the heat on them and they wanted to score big by doing something that had never been done before. Rob two banks at the same time. Hopefully they would get enough money to hide out for awhile until the heat subsided. There were 15 brothers and sisters among the Dalton children. Two died before reaching adulthood. Four Dalton brothers decided to be outlaws after first being in law enforcement. Their oldest brother Frank had been killed as a lawman. The Dalton's were kin to the Younger brother's who had rode with Jesse James and were killed and captured during the Northfield Minnesota robbery that had gone bad. One of the four Dalton's decided to ride with the Wild Bunch. The five outlaws that rode into Coffeyville were Grat Dalton, Emmett Dalton, Bob Dalton, Bill Power, and Dick Broadwell. Most criminals aren't the sharpest tools in the shed and apparently the Dalton's were no exception because they were from Coffeyville and they tried to disguise their identity by wearing wigs and fake beards. Many of the townspeople recognized them and realized what they were doing.
They could see three of the robbers holding up the C.M. Condon & Co. bank clearly through the banks plate glass windows. They could also see Bob and Emmett Dalton enter the First National Bank across the street. The townspeople scrambled to arm themselves with Winchesters, revolvers, shotguns and ammunition. Many of them took up positions in a hardware store where they had a clear view of both banks. When the robbers realized they were trapped they tried to use the bank clerks as human shields but this didn't work. Under a hail of bullets all five robbers made it to a back alley but four of the five robbers were killed trying to escape. One robber managed to escape after being mortally wounded but he died less than a mile from town on the side of the road. Four of the townsmen were killed including a Marshall. Emmett Dalton might have escaped with a bag filled with 20,000 dollars and several wounds but he turned back to help his dying brother, Bob Dalton, and was shot multiple times. He would survive and serve 14 years of a life sentence. He would be pardoned in 1907 and die in 1937 at the age of 66.
|C.M. Condon Bank With Bullet Holes|
|Dead Robbers In The Death Alley|
|Bill Power, Bob Dalton, Grat Dalton, And Dick Broadwell|
|Bob & Grat Dalton|
|Emmett Dalton's Mug Shot|
For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places. Ephesians 6:12. This is the real battle that people like Phil Robertson face. He is in a fight that is bigger than he is but he has an advocate. We all know who wins this war in the end. Beyond this aspect of the fight there is the fact that organizations like G. l. A. A. D., the N.A.A.C.P., and lets throw in N.O.W., or National Organization Of Women , for good measure, really do not care about the groups that they represent as much as they care about the greater goal of insuring the triumph of the Democratic Party and the political left. If they really cared about homosexuals, blacks, and women then they would be consistent. For example they would not just go after Robertson but they would also go after people on the left who have said or done offensive things against gays like Alec Baldwin, or the Democratic operatives who made anti-Gay comments against an openly Gay Republican candidate in Pennsylvania. The N.A.A.C.P. would not only bash Phil Robertson but go after people like Joe Biden, Senator Robert Byrd, when he was alive, or Bill Clinton who have made actual racist comments rather than implied ones. They would protect black Conservatives from the racist comments and actions that they constantly have to endure from the political left. Last but not least N.O.W. would not only go after a Robert Packwood, Clarence Thomas, or Herman Cain but just as vigorously go after a Bill Clinton or Ted Kennedy.
They would also stand up for Conservative women like Sarah Palin or Michelle Bachmann when they are treated like harlots by the political left. Then you can throw the mainstream media into this poisonous mix. When someone like Bill Clinton, John Edwards, Al Gore, Obama, or Hillary Clinton says or does something scandalous we might read about it if we are lucky in the grocery store tabloids, conservative news sources or hear about it on conservative talk radio. If you read or hear about it in the mainstream media it is only because they can't ignore it anymore and if they do run the story it might get one day of coverage. If on the other hand a Republican or Conservative does something offensive it will be headline news 24/7 for at least a month if not more in the state run, oh excuse me, I mean the mainstream media. Last but not least, we all know that if Phil was a Muslim saying these things the left would not say a word. The sad thing is that the left is winning the battle and fundamentally changing society. We have no opposition Party and too many Americans are not paying attention or are just too scared to speak up. Until this changes we are forced to look to that final triumph of good over evil.
Thursday, December 19, 2013
|Former Location Of The Battle Of Nashville Monument At Franklin Road & Thompson Lane|
|Present Location Of The Battle Of Nashville Monument On Granny White Pike|
Inscription On The Battle Of Nashville Monument
"Oh, Valorous Gray, In The Grave Of Your Fate,
Oh, Glorious Blue, In The Long Dead Years,
You Were Sown In Sorrow And Harrowed In Hate,
But Your Harvest Today Is A Nations Tears.
For The Message You Left Through The Land Has Sped
From The Lips Of God To The Heart Of Man:
Let The Past Be Past : Let The Dead Be Dead. --
Now And Forever American!"
On Veterans Day 1927 the Peace Monument was dedicated honoring all veterans North and South who fought in the Battle of Nashville. There were Civil War and World War I veterans at the ceremony. The statue originally cost 30,000 dollars which was a large sum in those days. The obelisk was crafted from Italian marble and the bronze portion of the statue was cast from melted cannons. An Italian sculptor Signor Moretti was hired to design the statue. He later claimed that of all the work that he had done he was proudest of the Peace Monument. The original monument was located in a very prominent location at the intersection of Franklin road and Thompson Lane right where the Confederate battle lines ran through on the first day of the battle of Nashville, December 15, 1864. As a child I always looked forward to seeing the monument whenever we traveled out Franklin road. This is how I came to learn that we even had a battle in Nashville. I remember a story being told about my Uncle Jim Hall who was a back-up singer and musician. He sang and played for all the great country music singers during the 1950's and 60's. Uncle Jim also arranged the music on many hits. He had a platinum album for Sue Thompson's "Sad Movies Make Me Cry" and a gold album for "Crying" by Roy Orbison. Uncle Jim, like many in the music industry, had a drinking problem. He broke his leg trying to climb the Peace Monument.
In March of 1973 I went to work for Colonial Baking Co. on Franklin road. A year later on March 31, 1974 a tornado hit Nashville. The tornado cut a path along Woodmont Blvd. after slamming into the monument. From there it skipped over and hit 100 Oaks Mall, blowing out plate glass windows and traveling straight down Thompson Lane. It leveled many trees and buildings. I worked second shift and my heart sank as I drove by the monument on my way home. The monument was destroyed. The only thing that was salvageable was the bronze portion of the statue. This was a young man holding back two charging horses that represented the North and South. Three days later, April 3, 1974, two more tornado's hit Nashville in what would come to be known as the "day of the killer tornado's". Until April 2011 this was the worst outbreak in recorded history. There were 148 tornado's confirmed in 13 states. Over 300 people were killed. They would eventually restore the bronze part of the statue minus the marble obelisk. When the interstate was constructed they placed the statue in a small plot of land that was difficult to access and out of sight from the public. In the 1980's concerned citizens began looking for a new site for the monument. In 1998, after many years of legal roadblocks, the money was raised and the monument was placed in a park on Granny White Pike and Battlefield Drive after a re-dedication ceremony. The monument was restored to it's former glory including a new obelisk topped off with an angel as in the original statue.
|Destroyed statue after the tornado|
|Howard Pyle's Painting In The Governor's Reception Room In The Minnesota State Capital|
On December 16, 1864, Hood had changed the position of his three Corps from where they had been on December 15. Benjamin Franklin Cheatham was now on the left, A.P. Stewart was in the center and Stephen D. Lee was on right. At about 12:00 PM Union artillery firing from the present location of Father Ryan High School pounded the Confederate lines on Peach Orchard Hill. In the 1970's when Franklin Road Academy was under construction I found evidence of this bombardment. Like at Redoubt # 4 I found shell fragments everywhere along with Minie balls and .577 Caliber Enfield bullets, which were usually used by Confederate troops. Steedman's Union Division of 12,000 men again spearheaded the Union attack on the Rebel right, led by black troops. Thomas's plan was to again feint with his left and attack with his right in the hope of forcing Hood to weaken his left in order to reinforce his right. This ruse didn't work on the 15th but it did work on the 16th. Hood transferred two brigades from his left because the Union attack was so vicious on his right he was tricked into thinking that Thomas's main attack was coming against Peach Orchard Hill. At 2:45 P.M. Steedman opened the attack. There were 1200 casualties. Of 556 black troops in the attack 229 were killed, along with five color bearers. This attack came from the direction of the railroad, which was there during the Civil War, and parallels present day I-65 South. It was said that if you walked from the Confederate breastworks down the hill to the railroad that you could literally walk on Union bodies without touching the ground. This is the only part of the Confederate line that didn't break that day. I-65 and Harding Place have destroyed much of Peach Orchard Hill but if you drive down Franklin Road to Elysian Fields road and go all the way to the turnaround you can still see part of the battlefield sloping down to the interstate.
At the Confederate left on Shy's Hill the soldiers had only a few hours to prepare defenses. The same mistake had been made here by Confederate engineers that had been made on Missionary Ridge in Chattanooga a little over a year earlier. The trenches were dug on on the crest of Shy's Hill rather than the military crest. This was a huge mistake because the defenders could not see the enemy until they were right on top of them. For most of the 16th of December the Union artillery pounded Shy's Hill and the Confederate line. After much indecision by the Union Generals positioned to the west and north of Shy's Hill, Union General John MacArthur, without orders, gave the signal for the attack. This attack unleashed all of the Union troops in the area which became a race to the top of the hill. One Union Colonel gave his men orders not to cheer or fire a shot until they had gained the works. After a short but vicious hand to hand fight the whole Confederate line crumbled. Lt. Colonel William Shy was shot through the head at point blank range and his body was later found pinned to a tree by a bayonet. Today this area is heavily wooded and a suburban neighborhood, but then it was mostly farmland and mostly cleared of trees. Rebels positioned to the right of Shy's Hill could clearly see the collapse of the Rebel lines to their left. They saw Wilson's cavalry coming up in their rear and Union Infantry rolling up their flank closely chasing panicky rebels. Rebels all along the line began streaming toward Granny White and Franklin Pikes in an disorganized mob.
General Stephen D. Lee, leading the only organized Corps left on the battlefield began covering the Rebel retreat toward Franklin. Rarely had any army, North or South been so thoroughly routed. The Rebel army had been through a lot by this time. They had been badly led. Napoleon said that there is no such thing as bad soldiers, only bad Generals. These men were as good as any men in any army. About one third were barefooted, most were ragged, starving and many were without blankets during one of the worst winters on record. They had reached their breaking point. Many men threw down their rifles and ammo in order to lighten their load. Artillery and wagons were overrun. Lee was able to establish some sense of order in the retreat to save the army's remnants. General Nathan Bedford Forrest's cavalry would link up with the army farther south and he would conduct a brilliant rear guard protection of the army. Out of the original 30,000 men who had originally crossed the Tennessee River from Alabama into Tennessee to began the campaign only 9,000 men were left when they reached safety in Tupelo Mississippi. General Thomas had chased an army 100 miles during winter and won the most decisive battle of the war. It was decisive because he had virtually destroyed one of the two most important Confederate armies and effectively taken it out of the war but Grant was still not satisfied. He would eventually relieve General Thomas. Casualties were 2,100 Union, and nearly 5,000 Confederate.
|Shy's Hill In The Late 1800's|
|Shy's Hill In The Late 1800's|
|View From The Top Of Shy's Hill|
|View From The Top Of Shy's Hill|
|Peach Orchard Hill|
|This was the ragged condition that at least one third of the Army of Tennessee was in at the battle of Nashville. They were barefoot during one of the coldest winters on record.|
|The Minnesota Monument At The National Cemetery On Gallatin Road|
|Monument To Black Soldiers At The National Cemetery On Gallatin Road|
|Original Location Of The Battle Of Nashville At Thompson Lane & Franklin Road|
|Present Location Of The Battle Of Nashville Monument On Granny White Pike|
Wednesday, December 18, 2013
Duck Dynasty star Phil Robertson is catching heat for his supposed anti-gay remarks to GQ magazine. The following is what he said and you determine if they were anti-gay. "everything is blurred on what's right and what's wrong ... sin becomes fine. Start with homosexual behavior and just morph out from there — bestiality, sleeping around with this woman and that woman and that woman and those men". He then paraphrased Corinthians, "Don't be deceived. Neither the adulterers, the idolaters, the male prostitutes, the homosexual offenders, the greedy, the drunkards, the slanderers, the swindlers — they won’t inherit the kingdom of God," he warned. "Don't deceive yourself. It's not right." He then went on to say "It seems to me, a vagina — as a man — would be more desirable than a man's anus," he explained. "That's just me. I'm just thinking, 'There's more there! She's got more to offer.' I mean, come on, dudes! You know what I’m saying? But hey, sin: It's not logical, my man. It's just not logical." A homosexual group called GLAAD issued this response. "Phil and his family claim to be Christian, but Phil's lies about an entire community fly in the face of what true Christians believe," said GLAAD spokesman Wilson Cruz. "He clearly knows nothing about gay people or the majority of Louisianans — and Americans — who support legal recognition for loving and committed gay and lesbian couples. Phil's decision to push vile and extreme stereotypes is a stain on A&E and his sponsors who now need to reexamine their ties to someone with such public disdain for LGBT people and families." A poll was issued that said that 56% of the people of Louisiana are for same sex marriage. Personally, my opinion is, for whatever it is worth, that poll is a crock. The reality is that probably more like 56% are against it. My question is this. What exactly did Phil lie about? He started with homosexuality and listed several other sins. Sin is sin. It doesn't matter what the sin is. Sin separates us from God. I know this from personal experience. You feel this separation especially when you have been close to God and you are acutely aware that God is absent from your life because of sin. I know exactly what Jesus felt at the moment that he cried out from the Cross "My God, my God, why has thou forsaken me"? He had taken the sins of the world upon his shoulders at that moment and God the Father could not look upon him. Sin separates us from a personal relationship with God.
The author of the article that I read was definitely anti- Phil Robertson but he was upset that Phil listed terrorists in the same sentence as homosexuals. My understanding of the Gospel confirms what Phil is saying. You can be the best person in the world but if you die without Christ you will suffer the same fate as a terrorist in the Lake of Fire. Phil's statement about Corinthians also listed adulterers, idolaters, the greedy, drunkards, slanderers, and swindlers. Do we have organizations representing these people? I won't argue that there are loving and committed homosexual couples out there. There are loving and committed straight couples out there who because of sin will not see God either. Phil goes on to say "We never, ever judge someone on who's going to heaven, or hell. That's the Almighty's job," he told the magazine. "We just love 'em, give 'em the good news about Jesus — whether they're homosexuals, drunks, terrorists. We let God sort 'em out later, you see what I'm saying?" We would just be better off. We ought to just be repentant, turn to God, and… everything will turn around." Phil issued this statement as a clarification through A&E. "I myself am a product of the '60s; I centered my life around sex, drugs and rock 'n' roll until I hit rock bottom and accepted Jesus as my Savior. My mission today is to go forth and tell people about why I follow Christ and also what the Bible teaches, and part of that teaching is that women and men are meant to be together. However, I would never treat anyone with disrespect just because they are different from me. We are all created by the Almighty and like Him, I love all of humanity. We would all be better off if we loved God and loved each other." The author of the article states that it will be Phil repenting before all of this is over. I hope not because Phil said nothing that was wrong. The reporter also said that Phil is facing a firestorm because most people disagree with him. That is not true either. Most of the media and the left are mad at him but the average person out there, like myself, who has no voice, agrees with Phil. Even if the majority of the American people actually did disagree with Phil, truth is truth. God does not change and the truth does not change. The only way that we can successfully stand against these people is to not back down when we are armed with the truth. The truth will set you free and when you are free you are free indeed.
Monday, December 16, 2013
By the early afternoon of December 15, 1864 Wilson's Union cavalry along with infantry was heading toward the Confederate redoubts and troops in line of battle behind a stone wall along the eastern side of Hillsboro road. A redoubt is defined as a complete enclosure of any form used to defend a prominent point. These redoubts were manned by artillery batteries and Confederate infantry. By late morning Union troops reached Redoubt # 5 that sat on a high hill on the west side of Hillsboro road near Harding Place. There are now condominiums there and the redoubt has been destroyed. It was attacked by cavalrymen armed with seven shot Spencers and Union infantrymen. It was also pounded by Union artillery for an hour. However this redoubt was the first to fall. By this time Redoubt# 4 became the focus of the attack but it was a tougher nut to crack. There were 148 men manning Redoubt # 4. Forty eight artillerymen manning four 12 pounder Napoleon smoothbore cannon and 100 infantry facing 4000 Union troops. As fleeing Rebel infantry ran past Redoubt #4 the commander Captain Charles Lumsden pleaded for them to stop and help him defend the redoubt. One Rebel shouted "There's a whole army on your front" Union General John MacArthur set up three batteries of rifled cannon numbering 24 guns on a hill 1800 yards to the west and pounded Redoubt #4 for an hour. All four Confederate guns continued firing in response. Redoubt #4 is near present day Hobb's road near Hillsboro road in Green Hill's. It was a challenge to hunt for Civil War relics around Nashville because much of the battlefield has been developed. In the 1970's I found Redoubt #4 and it is on private property but I managed to find mostly fragments from Union Hotchkiss shells and the lead bands that wrapped around the middle of the shell, spherical case and Schenkel shells. Spherical case was a round cannonball, with a hollowed out chamber surrounded by a thin iron shell packed with gunpowder and lead or iron balls. This shell was invented by a British Officer named Lt. Henry Shrapnel. This area was plastered by the Union batteries because I found a large amount of shrapnel here.
The Battle of Nashville probably had the largest civilian audience of any battle of the war. People lined the hills in rear areas around Nashville. Especially on Capital Hill and College Hill near 2nd Ave. Most Nashvillians sympathized with the Rebels but they watched with a deathly silence trying not to betray their emotions, due to their living in an occupied city. Nashvillians had had it rough over the last three years. They were virtually prisoners in their own city. In order to travel outside the city they had to acquire a military pass which were denied without a good reason. If you were allowed to travel outside the city without military protection you were subject to harm by bandits or guerrilla partisans. If you were known to have Southern sympathies or you had the courage to speak out you were probably going to spend time in the local State prison or a Northern prison. You could not conduct business or hold a job unless you swore a loyalty oath to the Union. Loyal Confederate citizens had prayed for liberation for the last three years and many of the ragged Confederate troops in the Army of Tennessee were the sons and husbands of these civilians but they had no illusions about their chances for victory. Finally after a a fight of three hours the Union troops surrounded Redoubt #4. The guns of Redoubt #5 were firing on Redoubt #4. A shell took off the head of a gunner next to Lumsden, splattering brains and blood all over his face and beard. Then the gunner with the primers took off running in a panic, making Lumsden's guns useless. The Captain gave the order to retreat.
After Redoubt # 4 fell, Redoubt # 3 became the focus of the Union Army. Redoubt #3 fell and the guns of Redoubt #2 were trained on the Union attack coming from the direction of #3. Union Colonel Sylvester Hill was shot from his horse by a Confederate sharpshooter from 300 yards away, while leading the attack. He would be the highest ranking Officer killed in the Battle of Nashville. Redoubt # 3 was behind Calvary Methodist Church to the west of Hillsboro road and a very small remnant can still be seen behind the church. Redoubt # 2 was at the corner of Woodmont Blvd. and Hillsboro road. For many years there was a wooded lot there and a large house sat beyond the wooded lot. Remnants of the redoubt could be seen but most of it was destroyed when the house was built. I found many relics in that lot over the years until contractors totally cleared the woods and destroyed the redoubt in order to build a condominium. So much for progress. The Yankee's took Redoub # 2 just before Redoubt # 1 fell. Redoubt # 1 was taken by Union troops coming from the Union lines near present day Vanderbilt University attacking from north to south catching the Rebels in a pincers. Redoubt # 1 is probably the best preserved of all the redoubts and has been made into a small park. It is probably a couple hundred yards from Redoubt # 2 next to Benham road just to the north of Woodmont Blvd., near the Boy Scout Headquarters.
Redoubt numbers 1, 3, and 4 are the only redoubts still in existence and 1 and 4 are the best preserved. It makes no sense to me why so many communities neglect their history. To me the cities that protect their history are the ones that are the most colorful and interesting. History also brings in money for a community in tourism dollars. I love cities like Charleston, Savannah, St. Augustine, Gettysburg, and Harper's Ferry that have preserved so much of their history. After the fall of the redoubts Hood was forced to retreat to a more compact and stronger line, for the amount of troops that he had,during the night of December 15, 1864. This line would stretch from Compton's Hill, which would later be renamed Shy's Hill after Lt. Col William Shy all the way to Peach Orchard Hill which is now at the intersection of Battery Lane and Franklin road. Shy's Hill sits south of Battery Lane fairly near the intersection of Battery Lane and Hillsboro road. This new line would stretch about two miles.
|Calvary Methodist Church / Site of Redoubt # 3|
|The remains of Redoubt # 3|
|Site Of Redoubt # 2|
|Col. Sylvester Hill - Was shot by a Confederate sharpshooter at Redoubt # 2|
|Death Of Colonel Sylvester Hill Attacking Redoubt # 2|
|Redoubt # 1|
|Redoubt # 1|
|View From Redoubt # 1|
|Civilians Watching The Battle Near Present Day 7th Ave. Where Today's Tennessee Supreme Court Building Is|
|Soldiers Watching The Battle From Capital Hill|
|Near Seventh Avenue|
|The Bradford House|
|Union Outer Entrenchments During The Battle|
|Stanley Horn in 1964|